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lower-income－some growing and others not) developing countries will be of huge importance in red
ucing poverty further. Although these countries face significant headwinds, they could also seize imp
ortant new growth opportunities－especially with the help of digital platforms.
The headwinds are certainly considerable. For starters, advances in digital technolo
gies－robotics, machine learning, sensors, and vision－directly threaten the labor-intensive manu
facturing and assembly upon which lower-income, nonresource-rich economies have traditionally relied.
Moreover, climate change has had its greatest economic impact on the tropical and subtropical regio
ns where most of the lower-income countries are located. The effects of global warming are highly disrup
tive in fragile economies, and, taken together, constitute a major new obstacle to growthle
icts appear to have a religious or ethnic basis, some scholars believe their root cause may be economic, with ethnic divisio
s serving as a way to exclude other groups from access to scarce resources and opportunities. Whatever its so
urce, inequality of opportunity has a highly disruptive effect on governance and hence growth.
But these obstacles are not insurmountable. For one th
ing, developing countries now have huge potential export markets in middle-inc
ome countries, and no longer depend entirely on advanced economies for access to global markets.
There is also a renewed awareness of the importance of infrastructure in e
nabling growth. In addition to roads, railways and ports, electricity and digital conn
ectivity are crucial. In this regard, the rapid expansion of cellular wireless technology, combined with the install
ation of high-capacity undersea broadband pipes around Africa, represents major prog
merging jobs related to the digital economy have been and are expected to continue gro
wing quickly in China as digital technology is applied in more fields, said a senior executive from LinkedIn.
New media operators, front-end development engineers, algori
thm engineers, user interface designers, and data analysts were the top five profes
sions with the fastest growing number of practitioners in China on the US-based professional networking site fro
m 2013 to 2017, said Lu Jian, president of LinkedIn China in an exclusive interview with China Daily.
“Digital economy, which has become part of the national strategy, is just unfolding in the country. It won’t surprise us if such jobs con
tinue to draw employees of both genders and in both urban and rural areas in the coming years,” Lu said.